Now those who had been sent were from the Pharisees. Most modern Bibles are based upon the latter. It is arrived at by comparing all known manuscripts with one another and deriving from them the readings that are more numerous than any others. After all, it is alleged, all of the Byzantine Text came from one related family. Deuteronomy 4:12; 12:32; and Proverbs 30:6, as well as Revelation 22:18-19, tell us that one must not add to or delete from the original Word of God. The Westcott-Hort theory is not dependable. Because World English Bible uses the Majority Text as the basis for the New Testament, you may notice the following differences in comparing the WEB to other translations: The order of Matthew 23:13 and 14 is reversed in some translations. I don't know why these so called literal updated word for word bibles, supposed to be closest to the Greek, leave the archaic KJV word LEST in the bible. Another group of New Testament scholars argues that the readings of the majority of manuscripts are to be preferred to the readings of the few older manuscripts. ", Jesus answered and said to him, "Because I said to you, 'I saw you under the fig tree,' do you believe? There are very few Bibles available today that reflect the Majority Text. [44]My thanks to William Einwechter for making this point. The church has a responsibility to “test all things; [and] hold fast what is good” (1 Thessalonians 5:21); to “test the spirits, whether they are of God; because many false prophets have gone out into the world” (1 John 4:1). Regarding the matter of transmission of Scripture, Warfield concluded that the New Testament “has been transmitted to us with no, or next to no, variation; and even in the most corrupt form in which it has ever appeared, to use the oft quoted words of Richard Bentley, ‘the real text of the sacred writers is competently exact…nor is one article of faith or moral precept either perverted or lost…choose as awkwardly as you will, choose the worst by design, out of the whole lump.’”[15]. more often than not they do not even agree with each other. The English Majority Text Version of the Holy Bible: Esposito, Paul W.: 9781410704313: Books. They were left unused, so they lasted longer. A. Hort, Introduction to the New Testament in the Original Greek (Hendrickson, 1988). In His service, Paul W Esposito Stauros Ministries. The English Majority Text Version draws from the work of both Dr.’s Hodges and Farstad, and their text, “The Greek New Testament According to the Majority Text,” as well as from Dr. Wilbur Pickering, ThM. He also commends the Bereans for searching their copies of the original Old Testament manuscripts (Acts 17:11). Contrary to the teachings of Westcott-Hort, wrote Harry Sturz, “distinctively Byzantine readings of every kind have been shown to be early.” They are attested to by early papyri and several of the church fathers. [8]Benjamin B. Warfield, The Westminster Assembly and Its Work (Still Waters Revival, 1991), 236ff. The Majority Text – What is it? [40]For a thorough study of this matter see John W. Burgon, The Last Twelve Verses of the Gospel According to S. Mark (Sovereign Grace Book Club, 1959). Download the E-Book version of this review. Greek Text: [11]Eric Lyons and Dave Miller, “Biblical Inerrancy,” Reason and Revelation 24 (6):60. The idea of "conflating" about twenty English translations, starting with the KJV and including many others, is an interesting concept. And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not apprehend it. This doctrine is taught in a number of passages in the Bible: Deuteronomy 31:11-12; Jeremiah 36:6-7; Matthew 28:18-20; John 5:39; Romans 15:14, just to list a few. English Bible translations also have a rich and varied history of more than a millennium. The Majority Text. In a… [6]Cited in Wayne Jackson and Bert Thompson, "Questions and Answers," Reason and Revelation (Apologetics Press, September 1989), 33. [5] Old Testament scholar Robert Dick Wilson stated that we are virtually “certain that we have substantially the same text that was in the possession of Christ and the apostles.”[6], The real controversy concerns the New Testament (more will be said on this below). A Biblical view of Scripture makes no assertion that no errors have crept into the copies. The new translations use an incorrect Greek text. The doctrine of divine inspiration of the original writings, demands the doctrine of the divine preservation of Scripture. [31] Further, it is not the case that the numerous manuscripts of the Byzantine Text have all come from one common parent. ". In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. Under the New Testament era, the same responsibility has been given to the church, which is the “pillar and ground of the truth” (1 Timothy 3:15). [21], The Westcott-Hort theory further maintains that some 85-90 percent of Greek manuscripts represented by the Received Text, which unlike the Alexandrian Text, are in substantial agreement, underwent a radical editing process in the fourth century. But, as we will see, although we do not possess the original manuscripts (that is the physical documents), it does not follow that we do not have the original words in the copies. Jakob van Bruggen, The Future of the Bible, John W . My favorite interlinear. readings. See also Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (United Bible Societies, 1971, 1975), xiii-xxxi. You will see greater things than these. The churches of the Reformation used the same text for another 350 years, and some still continue to use it. Far from being an impediment to communication between God and man, language, speech, the human word, is the exclusive vehicle of such communication. For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came to be through Jesus Christ. [7]John Warwick Montgomery, cited in Josh McDowell, Evidence That Demands a Verdict (Here’s Life Publishers, 1972, 1979), 40. Without an infallible church to tell us what is and what is not the actual Word of God, said Rome, one can never be sure of the true text of Scripture. [18]Technically, there is a slight distinction between the Alexandrian Text and the Critical Text, but for the purpose of this article, they are considered to be basically the same. There was a man sent from God, whose name [was] John. The Alexandrian Text, which implicitly denies this, must be rejected, and the Received Text accepted. For many advocates of the majority text view, a peculiar form of the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture undergirds the entire approach. ", Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward Him, and said about him, "Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile! For if once the authenticity of the Scriptures is taken away (which would result even from the incurable corruption of one passage), how could our faith rest on what remains? These things happened in Bethany, beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing. I hate LESTer! You are the King of Israel! We appreciate your response. [45]Einwechter, English Bible Translations: By What Standard? This same principle is taught in Nehemiah 8, where we read of the Word of God being read in the original language by Ezra but being translated into the language of the auditors by the Levites. The branch of study known as textual criticism, which really had its beginning in the sixteenth century, undertakes the careful compar-ison and evaluation of the copies to determine, as far as it is humanly possible, the original readings. According to the Westminster divines, only the original biblical manuscripts (the autographa) were “immediately inspired by God.” These inspired words were “kept pure in all ages.” The Greek and Hebrew copies which we possess today are to be considered “authentical,” and they are the Word of God. This is the edition by Pierpont and Robinson of a Majority, or Byzantine, text of the New Testament. See also John Gill, A Dissertation Concerning the Antiquity of the Hebrew Language, Letters, Vowel-Points and Accents (The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1999), who argues that the Masoretes did not claim to be the originators of the vowel-points, but “considered it as of a divine original” (9). [37]Webb, “Not One Jot or One Tittle,” Thou Shalt Keep Them, 48. [44], Once again we see how important the Reformation of sola Scriptura is: In this case having to do with our understanding of how we should judge which translations are best. For each item I also indicate which other editors have preferred the "Majority Text" reading over the Received Text. [3], Unlike the autographs, copies may not be free from error. Answer: The Critical Text is a Greek text of the New Testament that draws from a group of ancient Greek manuscripts and their variants in an attempt to preserve the most accurate wording possible. In Deuteronomy 17:18, we read that a copy of the law was to be made (the original was in the ark of the covenant; Hebrews 9:4), and given to the king so that he would know how to conduct his affairs according to Biblical law. [34]Hills, The King James Version Defended! This view of post-canonical inspiration of translators is not the position espoused by biblical Christianity. He was not that Light, but [was sent] so that he might testify concerning the Light. "And he answered, "No. PhD., and the EMTV has We have been told that a few texts upon which the new translations are based are better than the majority of texts upon which the King James and the New King James Versions are based. Third, the churches used the Byzantine Text for over 100 years prior to the Reformation. It was about the tenth hour. places of the original Koine Greek. TEXTUS RECEPTUS…THE MAJORITY TEXT. The Majority Text Manuscripts which the KJV, NKJV and MKJV all came from are the time-tested, trusted manuscripts that were all this world knew, for some 1500 years; The manuscripts used … Other studies, however, have shown that this is simply not the case. Re: Modern English Bibles Based on the Majority Text? [37] Why? "They came and saw where He was staying, and they stayed with Him that day. These are the very words which He taught “will by no means pass away” (Matthew 24:35). Delivering a text that features contemporary English, this translation still stays faithful to the original languages of the Bible. [28] In the words of William Einwechter, it is virtually certain that “this text [TR] was in continuous use in the Greek church from at least the 4th century until the time of the Reformation when Erasmus made this text the basis for the first printed edition of the Greek NT.”[29] The fact that we do not possess any early copies of the Byzantine Text is easily explained: 1) the climate in Egypt, where the early Alexandrian Text manuscripts were found, is more arid, thus any text would last longer there; 2) the Egyptian manuscripts were probably not used, due to their corrupt nature, and therefore lasted longer, whereas the majority of manuscripts was frequently used and these manuscripts “wore out.”[30], Second, if numbers of similar manuscripts have a single ancestor, as is alleged to be the case with the Byzantine Text, it does not necessarily mean that the greater number carries little weight. 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